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Citizens of Ukraine who can not go to the mainland Ukraine in virtue of legal restrictions or the use of discretionary powers of the State Border Service employees.

The freedom of movement can also be violated by the Ukrainian authorities. For instance, the  penalty for attempting to cross the checkpoints in case of loss of documents during the stay in  Crimea constitutes an interference with freedom of movement. Such penalty is imposed not for the fact of loss of documents but for the fact of  absence of  documents  at  the  exit  from  the  temporary  occupied  territories.  This intervention is currently prescribed by law (Art. 204-2 of the Code of Ukraine on Administrative Offenses). Thus, in this example, there is a question regarding proportionality of intervention. It seems that such an intervention can not be acknowledged proportional as far as there are no state bodies of Ukraine on the occupied territories which could restore the lost documents. The restored documents would allow to leave the territory of the peninsula without restrictions.

At the same time it is unlikely that the refusal to admit Ukrainian citizens living in Crimea to the mainland of Ukraine could be recognized as the proportional intervention. Such a citizen has an opportunity to leave Crimea through the territory of the Russian Federation and in accordance with Article 33 of the Constitution of Ukraine can not be deprived of the right to return to Ukraine. So, in their majority, any measures, if they are not connected to any threat that exists directly in the isthmus, or on the closest following route, cannot reach any effect and are therefore disproportional.

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The Peninsula of Fear: Five years of unfreedom in Crimea
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